Botswana In Brief

Location: Botswana is a land-locked country situated in southern Africa. It borders South Africa, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Approximately two-thirds of the country lies within the Tropics. Country Size: Botswana covers an area of 581 730 square kilometres, about the size of Texas or France.

Topography: Mostly the country is flat, with small hills in the eastern areas. The sands of the Kalahari Desert cover around 84 percent of the surface area. Except for the northern areas, most of Botswana is without perennial surface water.

Capital: Gaborone Urban centres: Francistown, Lobatse, and Selebi-Phikwe Tourism centres: Maun, Kasane

Government: Multi-party democracy

Independence day: 30 September 1966

Head of State: His Excellency Lt. Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama

National language: Setswana Official language: English

Population: 1.85 million, with an average annual growth rate of 2.4 % (2006 statistics)

Currency: Pula (One Pula = 100Thebe) Main exports: Diamonds, copper nickel, beef, soda ash, tourism

Major crops: Maize, sorghum, millet